Author Irina

30.09.2020 19:23

What is Happening in Nagorno-Karabakh? In Brief

What is Happening in Nagorno-Karabakh?

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Armenia and Azerbaijan have been involved in an armed conflict for four days now. The cause of the dispute is Nagorno-Karabakh, one of the hotbeds of ethnic conflict that the region has inherited as a Soviet legacy.

The Origins of the Conflict 

Nagorno-Karabakh is predominantly populated by ethnic Armenians, although Soviet authorities gave control of the territory to Azerbaijan. Relations between ethnic Azerbaijanis and Armenians soured in the 1980s when the parliament of the autonomous region decided to join Armenia. The move was followed by bilateral ethnic violence, a referendum by the Armenian population, and an economic blockade by Azerbaijan.


After the Soviet Union collapsed and the two countries gained independence, they began openly attacking each other. The skirmishes, which claimed numerous lives on both sides, lasted until 1994. This year, with Russia acting as a mediator, a ceasefire agreement was signed.


However, the sides have not yet reached a peace agreement, and a ceasefire is often conditional - we saw the last "explosion" on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border in 2016 as a "four-day war."

What is happening today

The situation on the border grew tense in July 2020, and on September 28, both Armenia and Azerbaijan declared a state of war. ‘’Why now?’’—I addressed Davit Batashvili, a specialist in international relations, with this question.

"It seems that one of the parties considered that this step could gain them political or diplomatic benefits.", David told me, "But why now and not a few months ago or later, we do not know for sure."

Indeed, both sides are pointing at each other, and the international community seems to be in no rush to weigh in. So far, the calls that have been made have mainly been for the immediate easing of the situation and a peaceful resolution to the conflict.

Whether this is feasible is not yet clear. The fact remains that we have witnessed another war in the region, claiming the lives of Armenian and Azerbaijani soldiers and civilians. Officials from each side cite different numbers, however, according to media reports, 95 people have died as of September 28.

Turkey, which sees Azerbaijan as a brotherly nation of the same origin, has promised to help Aliyev's government. Since September 27, President Erdogan has been actively posting on Twitter, calling Armenia "the biggest threat" to the region's security, accusing the international community of "double standards", and reminding Ilham Aliyev of his father's words about  Azerbaijan and Turkey being "one nation in two states."

Russia, which supports Armenia, has made more restrained statements. Putin called Nikol Fashinyan and advised that "the most important thing is to stop military operations." Russia has been helping Armenia for a long time and has a lot of influence over it, however, Putin does not want to spoil relations with Aliyev either.

Georgia is expressing neutrality - President Salome Zurabishvili has made a call for  peace. Davit Batashvili confirms that this is the only right position for our country and should be maintained under any government.

However,  it appears on social media that, in addition to the traditional war, an information war has broken out and Georgia is involved in it: Armenian media outlets have been spreading information that Georgia is allowing transit of weapons travelling to Azerbaijan while blocking the road for Armenia (who has made the same request). Davit Batiashvili tells me that in the case of neutrality, different attitudes towards parties are allowed, however, the specific facts have not been officially confirmed yet.

What should we expect?

Which side has more legitimacy? As Davit Batashvili explained to me, the historical basis of the conflict is complex and multifaceted, however, international law is on Azerbaijan’s side and any map or globe confirms this.

We were interested to hear both sides. However, the Azeri respondents did not (and could not) make themselves available for comment. An Armenian lawyer, Artem Hakobyan, told me that the military operation is aimed not only at Nagorno-Karabakh, but at Armenia as a whole:

"You understand that, right now, as we speak, the city of Vardenis and neighboring villages - that is, Armenian territory - are under attack? We are not talking about Karabakh anymore, we are dealing with something bigger. "

Artem stressed multiple times that Armenia is defending itself and that peace under Aliyev's totalitarian rule is simply impossible.

I am assuming the Azeri respondent would have turned Artem's comment upside down, but one thing is clear - the parties are not going to make concessions, As  all the neighbors seem involved in this geopolitical controversy, firther dispute will  not to bring anything good to the region as a whole. 

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04.01.2021 15:16


İt is so intersting,you don't talking about list of United Nations Security Council resolutions on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. I put these resolutions below with number and date.Everyone can check them . List of United Nations Security Council resolutions on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict 822 Calls for the cessation of hostilities and the withdrawal of all occupying forces from Kelbajar and other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic following its occupation on April 3, 1993. April 30, 1993 853 Demands the immediate cessation of all hostilities, calls on the withdrawal of the occupying from Agdam and other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic and reaffirms UN Resolution 822. July 29, 1993 874 Calls for the preservation of the ceasefire, cessation of hostilities and withdrawal of Armenian troops from recently occupied Azerbaijani districts of Fizuli (August 23, 1993), Jabrayil (August 26, 1993), Qubadli (September 31, 1993) and other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic, and reaffirms UN Resolutions 822 and 853. October 14, 1993 884 Condemns the recent violations of the cease-fire established between the parties, which resulted in a resumption of hostilities; calls upon the Government of Armenia to use its influence to achieve compliance by the Armenians of the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the Azerbaijani Republic with resolutions 822, 853 and 874; demands from the parties concerned the immediate cessation of armed hostilities; calls for the withdrawal of Armenia from Azerbaijani district of Zangilan and reaffirms UN Resolutions 822, 853, 874. November 12, 1993

06.10.2020 18:02


Religiously and ethnically diverse nations have lived in harmony for thousands of years in the territory of Azerbaijan. This peace ended with the resettlement of Armenians from the Middle East and Turkey to Azerbaijan territories after the occupation of the north of Azerbaijan by the Russian Empire. The goal of the Russian Empire was to break the historical ties between the same language-speaking Turkey and Northern Azerbaijan by creating an artificial Armenian state between them. Thus, mainly consisting of terrorists, prostitutes, and merchants Armenian community, which historically has had no state. The first state for Armenians was the 9,000 km2 and was created in the territory of Azerbaijan. When this first Armenian state was established, the majority of the population living in that area were Azerbaijanis. The process of handing over the territories of Azerbaijan to Armenia continues during the Soviet era, thus increasing the territory of Armenia from 9,000 km2 to 29,740 km2 during the 70-year Soviet era. A new wave of aggression began with the hugest financial support of the Armenian lobby with bribes to corrupt Soviet Union officials during the process of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the other hand Russia had desired to keep Azerbaijan in its sphere of influence. Result of this proses, Armenia continued its aggression and occupied 20% of the remaining Azerbaijani territory. The whole process of occupation was accompanied by crimes against humanity, the killing of hundreds of thousands of women and children because they were not Armenians. As a result, the territory of the historical lands of Azerbaijan, where other peoples were expelled and where 2 million Armenians lived, is approximately equal to the territory of Azerbaijan, where 10 million different nations live in peace. Despite the 21st century, several thousand Azerbaijani women and children are being held as slaves, tortured, and experimented in Armenian concentration camps. Despite this Armenian atrocity, tens of thousands of Armenians in Azerbaijan, mostly women, live freely in peace and do not receive any bad reaction from Azerbaijanis. The reason is simple: for Armenia, it is a terror on the basis of national chauvinism, for Azerbaijan, it is a homeland war. Eventually, I would like to appeal to the world community to emphasize that Azerbaijan will defeat Armenian terrorism without any foreign assistance, but you must be fair and do not take the side of the evil force. Do not create conditions for the spread of terrorism in the world, keep in mind that being with terrorists means inviting terror to your homeland the next day.

06.10.2020 06:30

In 1921, under Soviet rule, two regions of Armenia, Nakhichevan and Artsakh, were illegally annexed to Azerbaijan. Because Joseph Stalin said: "We do not need a united and strong Armenia ". Since Soviet times Azerbaijan has pursued a policy of national origin discrimination and ethnic cleansings towards Armenians. In 1991, when the USSR collapsed, Armenian populated Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh) declared its independence and returned to the pre-Soviet borders, like all other national republics. However, Azerbaijan still refuses to accept this fact. And now, 30 years later, it has again launched a military attack on the Artsakh Republic. Turkey openly supports Azerbaijan: by its words, weapons and by hiring thousands of terrorists from Syria to fight on the side of Azeris. It has not yet acknowledged the first genocide of the 20th century, Armenian Genocide, perpetrated by them in 1915, and now it pursues the same criminal practices in the 21st century. And nowadays international "neutrality" is another weapon that they have and that will turn agains all the countries because if now Turkey reaches Caucasus, their next step will be targeting Balkans and Europe.

05.10.2020 12:39

What kind of bullshit article is this

04.10.2020 17:10


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